FCI-Standard N° 148

DACHSHUND

 

COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Germany.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID
STANDARD: 04/09/2019.
UTILIZATION: Hunting dog, above and below ground.
FCI CLASSIFICATION: Group 4: Dachshunds.
With working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: The Dachshund, also called
Dackel or Teckel, has been known since the Middle Ages. From the
Bracken, dogs especially suitable for hunting below ground were
consistently bred. From these short-legged dogs, the Dachshund
evolved and is recognised as one of the most versatile hunting breeds.
He also shows excellent performance above ground, hunting while
giving tongue, flushing and tracking wounded game. The oldest Club
devoted to the breeding of Dachshunds is the “Deutsche Teckelklub”
e.V., founded in 1888.
For decades the Dachshund has been bred in three different sizes
(Teckel, Miniature Teckel and Rabbit Teckel) and in three different
coat varieties (Smooth-haired, Wire-haired and Long-haired),
resulting in nine varieties.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Low, short legged, elongated but
compact build, very muscular with cheeky, challenging head carriage
and alert facial expression. His build allows agile, quick work above
and below ground. Sexual dimorphism is noticeable.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: With a ground clearance of about
one third of the height at withers, the body length (from the point of
manubrium of sternum to the point of the buttock) should be in
harmonious relation to height at withers, about 1.7 – 1.8 : 1.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT: Friendly by nature, neither
fearful nor aggressive, with even temperament. Passionate, persistent
and fast hunting dog with an excellent nose.
HEAD: Elongated as seen from above. As seen in profile, tapering
uniformly towards the nose leather, yet not pointed. Superciliary
ridges clearly defined. Nasal cartilage and bridge of nose long and
narrow.
CRANIAL REGION:
Skull: Rather flat, not too broad, gradually merging with the slightly
arched nasal bridge. Occipital peak not pronounced much.
Stop: Slightly marked.
FACIAL REGION:
Nose: Nostrils well opened. Colour: see under respective colour
definition.
Muzzle: Long, sufficiently broad and strong. Mouth can be opened
wide, at the level of the vertical of the eye.
Lips: Taut fitting, covering the lower jaw well.
Jaws / Teeth: Well-developed jaws. Scissor bite, even and closing
tightly. Ideally, complete set of 42 teeth according to requirements of
the dentition formula with strong canines exactly fitting into each
other.
EYES: Medium size, almond shape, set well apart, with clear
energetic and yet friendly expression. Not piercing. Colour bright dark
reddish-brown to blackish brown in all coat colours of the dogs. Wall-
, fish- or pearl eyes in dapple dogs are not desired but shall be
tolerated.
Eye lids well pigmented.
EARS: Set on high, not too forward. Sufficiently long, reaching the
edge of the lips, but not much longer. Rounded. Mobile with front edge
lying close to cheek.
NECK: Sufficiently long, muscular. Tight fitting skin on throat.
Lightly arched nape of neck carried freely and high.
BODY:
Topline: Blending harmoniously from neck to slightly sloping croup.
Withers: Pronounced.
Back: Behind the high withers, topline running from the thoracic
vertebrae straight or slightly inclined to the rear. Firm and wellmuscled.
Loins: Strong, broad and well-muscled.
Croup: Broad and sufficiently long, not horizontal or sloping too
much.
Chest: Sternum well developed and so prominent that slight
depressions appear on either side. The ribcage, seen from the front, is
oval. Seen from above and the side, it is spacious, giving plenty of
space for heart and lung development. Ribs carried well back. With
correct length and angulation of shoulder blade and upper arm, the
front leg covers the lowest point of the sternal line in profile. Dewlap
not pronounced.
Underline and Belly: Slight tuck up. Chest smoothly transitioning to
the belly in a continuous line.
TAIL: The tail is carried in a harmonious continuation of the topline,
slightly falling off, not carried above topline. A slight curve in the last
third of the tail is permitted.
LIMBS:
FOREQUARTERS:
General: Strongly muscled, well angulated. Seen from the front, clean
front legs (tight fitting skin), standing straight with good strength of
bone; feet pointing straight forward, positioned at the lowest point of
the chest.
Shoulders: Well defined muscles. Long sloping shoulder blade (ca. 90
degrees to upper arm), fitting close to chest.
Upper arm: Equal in length to shoulder blade, set almost at right angle
to it. Strong boned and well-muscled, close fitting to ribs but free in
movement.
Elbows: Turning neither in nor out.
Forearm: Short, yetso long that the dog’s ground clearance is one third
of its height at withers. As straight as possible.
Carpus / Wrist: Slightly closer together than the shoulder joints.
Pastern: Seen from the side, should be neither steep nor noticeably
inclined forward.
Front feet: Toes close together, well arched with strong, resistant, well
cushioned pads and short strong nails. Colour: see under respective
colour definitions. The fifth toe has no function.
HINDQUARTERS:
General: Strongly muscled, in good proportion to forequarters. Strong
angulation of stifles and hock joints. Hindlegs parallel standing,
neither close nor wide apart.
Upper thigh: Should be of good length and well-muscled.
Stifle (joint): Broad and strong with good angulation.
Lower thigh: Short, almost at right angle to upper thigh. Wellmuscled.
Hock joint: Strong, with strong tendons, tight skin.
Hock: Relatively short, mobile towards lower thigh. Slightly curved
forward.
Hind feet: Four close knit toes, well arched. Standing firmly on strong
pads.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Ground covering movement, flowing and
energetic, with far reaching front strides without much lift, strong
drive and slightly springy transmission to backline. Tail is carried in
harmonious continuation of backline, slightly sloping. Front and
hindlegs have parallel movement.
SKIN: Tight fitting, well pigmented. Colour: see under respective
colour definitions.
SMOOTH-HAIRED
COAT
Hair: Short, dense, shiny, smooth fitting, tight and harsh. Not showing
any bald patches anywhere. Tail: fine, fully but not too profusely
coated. Somewhat longer guard hair on underside is not a fault.
Colour and Colour Patterns:
a) One-coloured: Red. Interspersed black hairs permissible. However,
a clean dark colour is preferable. A small white spot (up to 3 cm
diameter) is only permissible on the chest. Nose, nails and pads black;
reddish-brown is not desirable.
b) Two-coloured: Deep black or brown, each with tan markings
(the darker, the better and as clean as possible), over eyes, on sides
of muzzle and of the lower lip, on inner edge of ears, on forechest,
on inside and rear side of legs, on the feet, around the anus and
from there reaching to about one third or one half of the underside
of the tail. Nose, nails and pads black in dogs with black base
colour, brown, in dogs with brown base colour.
A small white spot (up to 3 cm diameter), is only permissible on
the chest. Too wide spread, as well as insufficient tan markings are
highly undesirable.
c) Colour pattern Dapple (Merle):
The base colour is alwaysthe dark colour (black or brown). Exception:
red dapples (red with dark spots). Desired are irregular grey but also
beige spots (large patches not desired). Neither the dark nor the light
colour is predominant. For nose, nails and pads see under a) and b).
d) Colour pattern Brindle: The colour of a brindle Dachshund is red
with dark brindle. Nose, nails and pads are black.
All previously not mentioned colours and colour patterns are
disqualifying. Lack of pigmentation is highly undesirable.
WIRE-HAIRED
COAT
Hair: With exception of muzzle, eyebrows and ears, perfectly even
close-fitting, dense wiry topcoat with undercoat. Soft hair on the head
(top knot) and on the paws is highly undesirable. The muzzle has a
clearly defined beard.
Eyebrows are bushy. On the ears, the coat is shorter than on the body,
almost smooth. Tail well and evenly covered with close-fitting coat.
Colour and Colour Patterns:
a) One-coloured: Red. Interspersed black hairs permissible.
However, a clean dark color is preferable. A small white spot (up to
3 cm diameter) is only permissible on the chest. Nose, nails and pads
black; reddish-brown is not desirable.
b) Multi-coloured: Wild boar, brown wild boar, black and tan,
brown and tan. Tan markings (the darker, the better and as clean
as possible), above eyes, on sides of muzzle and of the lower lip, on
inner edge of ears, on forechest, on inside and rear side of legs, on
the feet, around the anus and from there reaching to about one
third or one half of the underside of the tail. Nose, nails and pads
black in wild boar and black and tan dogs, brown, in brown wild
boar and brown and tan dogs. A small white spot (up to 3 cm
diameter), is only permissible on the chest. Too widespread, as
well as insufficient tan markings are highly undesirable.
c) Colour pattern Dapple (Merle):
Colour as described under a) and b). The base colour is always the
dark colour (wild boar, black or brown). Exception: red dapples (red
with dark spots). Desired are irregular grey but also beige spots.
Neither the dark nor the light colour is predominant. For nose, nails
and pads see under a) and b).
d) Colour pattern Brindle: The colour of the brindle Dachshund is red
with dark brindle. Nose, nails and pads are black.
All previously not mentioned colours and colour patterns are
disqualifying. Lack of pigmentation is highly undesirable.
LONG-HAIRED
COAT
Hair: The plain shiny coat, with undercoat and close fitting to body,
is longer at the throat and on underside of the body. On the ears the
hair must extend beyond the lower edge of ears. Distinct feathers on
rear side of legs. Achieves its greatest length on underside of tail and
there forms a full flag.
Colour and Colour Patterns:
a) One-coloured: Red. Red with black overcoat. However, a clean
dark colour is preferable. A small white spot (up to 3 cm diameter) is
permissible on the chest. Nose, nails and pads black; reddish-brown
is not desirable.
b) Two-coloured: Deep black or brown, each with tan markings
(the darker, the better and as clean as possible), over eyes, on sides
of muzzle and of the lower lip, on inner edge of ears, on forechest,
on inside and rear side of legs, on the feet, around the anus and
from there reaching to about one third or one half of the underside
of the tail. Nose, nails and pads black in dogs with black base
colour, brown, in dogs with brown base colour.
A small white spot (up to 3 cm diameter), is only permissible on
the chest. Too widespread, as well as insufficient tan markings are
highly undesirable.
c) Colour pattern Dapple (Merle): The base colour is always the dark
colour (black or brown). Exception: red dapples (red with dark spots).
Desired are irregular grey but also beige spots (large patches not
desired). Neither the dark nor the light colour is predominant. For
nose, nails and pads see under a) and b).
d) Colour pattern Brindle: The colour of the brindle Dachshund is red
with dark brindle. Nose, nails and pads are black.
All previously not mentioned colours and colour patterns are
disqualifying. Lack of pigmentation is highly undesirable.
SIZES:
Chest Circumference measured when at least 15 months old, from
highest point of the withers to the lowest point of the chest (with
little tense tape measure).
Standard Dachshund:
Males: over 37 cm – up to 47 cm
Females: over 35 cm – up to 45 cm
Miniature Dachshund:
Males: over 32 cm – up to 37 cm
Females: over 30 up – to 35 cm
Rabbit Dachshund:
Males: over 27 cm – up to 32 cm
Females: over 25 cm – up to 30 cm
FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault,
and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be
in exact proportion to its degree and the effect upon the health and
welfare of the dog as well as its ability to perform its traditional
work.
M3 (Molar 3) are not to be considered when judging. Lack of two PM1
(Premolar 1) is not to be penalised. The absence of one PM2 should
be regarded as a fault, if no other teeth (with the exception of M3) are
missing. A departure from the correctly closing scissor bite, such as
for example the pincer bite, is also a fault.
SEVERE FAULTS:
• Weak, long-legged or body trailing on ground.
• Other tooth faults than those described among «faults» or
«disqualifying faults».
• Wall eye in any colour other than dapple.
• Pointed, very folded ears.
• Body sagging between shoulders.
• Hollow back, roach back.
• Weak loins.
• Markedly higher in the rear (croup higher than withers).
• Chest too weak.
• Flanks with lyre shape tuck up.
• Poorly angulated fore- and hindquarters.
• Narrow hindquarters with poor muscle tone.
• Cow hocks or bowlegs.
• Feet turning markedly inwards or outwards.
• Splayed toes.
• Heavy, clumsy, waddling movement.
SEVERE FAULTS – COAT:
Smooth-haired Dachshund:
• Coat too fine or thin. Bald patches on ears (leather ear), other bald
areas.
• Coat much too coarse and much too long.
• Brush like tail.
• Tail partially or entirely hairless.
Wire-haired Dachshund:
• Soft coat, whether long or short.
• Long coat, standing away from body in all directions.
• Curly or wavy coat.
• Soft coat on head, top knot.
• Flag on tail.
• Lack of beard.
• Lack of undercoat.
• Smooth coat.
Long-haired Dachshund:
• Coat of equal length all over body.
• Wavy or shaggy coat.
• Lack of flag (tail).
• Lack of overhanging feathering on ears.
• Smooth coat.
• Pronounced parting of coat on back.
• Hair too long between toes.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:
• Aggressive or overly shy dog.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities.
• Untypical specimen.
• Undershot or overshot mouth, wry mouth.
• Faulty positioning of the lower canines.
• Missing of one or more canines or one or more incisors.
• Missing of other premolars or molars.
Exceptions: The two PM1 or one PM2 without consideration of
the M3, as mentioned under “Faults”.
• Chest: sternum cut off.
• Any faults of the tail.
• Very loose shoulders.
• Knuckling over in the wrist.
• Black or brown colour without tan markings; white colour with or
without tan markings.
• Colours and colour patterns other than those listed under “Colour
and Colour Patterns”.
N.B.:
• Male animals must have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical
conformation, should be used for breeding.

Source: www.fci.be/en/

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