FCI-Standard N° 122
ORIGIN: Great Britain.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID
FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 8 Retrievers, Flushing dogs,
Section 1 Retrievers.
With working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: It is popularly thought that
the Labrador Retriever originated on the coast of Newfoundland
where fishermen were seen to use a dog of similar appearance to
retrieve fish. An excellent water dog, his weather-resistant coat and
unique tail, likened to that of an otter because of its shape,
emphasise this trait.
Comparatively speaking, the Labrador is not a very old breed, its
breed club having been formed in 1916 and the Yellow Labrador
Club having been founded in 1925. It was in field trialling that the
Labrador found early fame, having been originally introduced to
these shores in the late 1800s by Col Peter Hawker and the Earl of
Malmesbury. It was a dog called Malmesbury Tramp which was
described by Lorna, Countess Howe as one of the ‘tap roots’ of the
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Strongly built, short-coupled, very
active; (which precludes excessive body weight or substance)
broad in skull; broad and deep through chest and ribs; broad and
strong over loins and hindquarters.
BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT: Good-tempered, very
agile. Excellent nose, soft mouth; keen lover of water. Adaptable,
Intelligent, keen and biddable, with a strong will to please. Kindly
nature, with no trace of aggression or undue shyness.
Skull: Broad. Clean-cut without fleshy cheeks.
Nose: Wide, nostrils well developed.
Muzzle: Powerful, not snipy.
Jaws / Teeth: Jaws of medium length, jaws and teeth strong with a
perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely
overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
Eyes: Medium size, expressing intelligence and good temper; brown
Ears: Not large or heavy, hanging close to head and set rather far
NECK: Clean, strong, powerful, set into well placed shoulders.
Loin: Wide, short-coupled and strong.
Chest: Of good width and depth, with well sprung barrel ribs – this
effect not to be produced by carrying excessive weight.
TAIL: Distinctive feature, very thick towards base, gradually
tapering towards tip, medium length, free from feathering, but
clothed thickly all round with short, thick, dense coat, thus giving
“rounded” appearance described as “Otter” tail. May be carried
gaily, but should not curl over back.
General appearance: Forelegs straight from elbow to ground when
viewed from either front or side.
Shoulder: Long and sloping.
Forearm: Forelegs well boned and straight.
Forefeet: Round, compact; well-arched toes and well developed
General appearance: Well developed hindquarters, not sloping to
Stifle (Knee): Well turned.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Hocks well let down. Cowhocks highly
Hind feet: Round, compact; well-arched toes and well developed
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Free, covering adequate ground; straight
and true in front and rear.
Hair: Distinctive feature, short, dense, without wave or feathering,
giving fairly hard feel to the touch; weather-resistant undercoat.
Colour: Wholly black, yellow or liver/chocolate. Yellows range
from light cream to red fox. Small white spot on chest permissible.
Ideal height at the withers: Males: 56 – 57 cms.
Females: 54 – 56 cms.
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be
regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect
upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform
its traditional work.
• Aggressive or overly shy.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural
abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles
fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed
typical conformation should be used for breeding.
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