PRIJEDOR

 

Prijedor municipality is located in the north-west part of Republic of Srpska and Bosnia and Herzegovina on the riverbanks of Sana and Gomjenica as well as on the hills which descend Kozara mountain into Prijedor valley.

Prijedor became an important commercial and trade centre thanks to Roman roads and navigation of the Sana river, as well as the first railway built in 1873. By its geographical position it belongs to a temperate continental climate suitable for tourism development during the whole year.

In one year all four season are present with average monthly temperature varying from -1.1 ◦C in January to 20.1◦C in July. The absolute minimum of -30 ◦C is in January, and the absolute maximum of 40 ◦C is in August.
Prijedor municipality is connected with other municipalities, regions and countries through a network of railways and roads. In the area of Prijedor municipality there are 70 km of main roads, 62.4 km of regional roads, 142.1 km of local roads and 600 km of uncategorized roads.


According to the estimation, presenty, there are around 105.000 inhabitants living in the area of Prijedor municipality, of whom 48%  are urban and 52% are rural.

Natural movement and biological reproduction have an important role in social, economical and spatial demographical development of every country and population. In period from 1999 to 2002 negative tendencies in population movement were observed through decrease in birth rate and increase in mortality.

The population of Prijedor comprises also people of other nationalities such as Czechs, Roma, Slovenians, Ukrainians, etc.

Prijedor became an important commercial and trade centre thanks to Roman roads and navigation of the Sana river, as well as the first railway built in 1873.

Strong development Prijedor Municipality had after the World War II. Bearers of development were Iron Ore Mines and Celpak Cellulose and Paper Factory. Attractive potential for different kinds of common investment presents mineral deposits and mineral water of the Ljubija Mine.


Prijedor municipality is connected with other municipalities, regions and countries through a network of railways and roads. In the area of Prijedor municipality there are 70 km of main roads, 62.4 km of regional roads, 142.1 km of local roads and 600 km of uncategorized roads.

Traffic represents an important precondition for economic development, as well as for tourism. Traffic network is one of the most important networks of every country. It is not possible to imagine a developed country without a good traffic system.

By air line Prijedor is 110 km away from Zagreb and 45 km from Banja Luka. Prijedor is connected to the railway Sunja – Novi Grad – Prijedor – Banja Luka – Doboj and to the main road Novi Grad – Prijedor – Banja Luka and Kozarska Dubica – Prijedor – Sanski Most – Ključ.

In the last few years important progress in telecommunications has been made. New capacities have been installed which allow connection with every country in the world. 

Telecommunications include:

– modern telecommunication network – 8 post officies;
– mobile phone network  – 3 operators;
– 5 internet providers use telecommunication network;
– dial up and wireless connection.


Geographical postion and the fact that Prijedor is situated on river banks of the Sana river and on a downhill of gentle Kozara mountain create immense potentials for tourism development.

Kozara Mountain 
Kozara is a Dinaric mountain situated in the north-west part of Republic of Srpska. It stretches among courses of the Sava river in the north, the Vrbas river in the east, the Sana river in the south and the Una river in the west. It is a low mountain of dynamic relief whose peaks are not higher than 1.000 m of an altitude. The highest peaks are Lisina at an altitude of 978 m and Rudine at 920 m. 
Kozara is a Dynaric mountain covered by forest, an air spa which offers all conditions for sports and recreational activities during the whole year. Although Kozara has a relatively law altitude, a large nuber of teep slopes, rocky areas, valleys and depressions are present.     
Temperate continental climate, a lot of sunny days and gentle mountain peaks give special value to this mountain.
Fir and beech forests dominate on the north side of the mountain, whereas forests of oak and conifer cover such as black pine, white pine and spruce cover slopes on the south side of Kozara.
Natural beauties of Kozara mountain and its diverse landscape attract mountaineering and hunting associations from Prijedor, Kozarska Dubica, Banja Luka and Gradiška. Kozara is a gentle mountain, rich in wildlife. The most common animals are: roe deer, wild boar, fox, rabbit, pheasant, wild duck and partridge. In this part of the Balkans similar hunting area is rare.
Many clear rivers and streams rich in trot spring up in this area. The area of Kozara and Potkozarje has  huge natural, cultural, recreational and other values. In the area of Kozara mountain Mlječanica, Crna rijeka, Vrbaška, Moštanica and Starenica rivers spring up.

Sana River 
The basic hydrographic feature of Prijedor municipality is the Sana river with its tributaries. The Sana river springs up near Medna in Ribnik municipality and it flows into the Una river in Novi Grad municipality. Its course connects six municipalities, which are Ribnik, Kljuc, Sanski Most, Ostra Luka, Prijedor and Novi Grad. A legend says that the name has its origin in Latin word sana meaning healthy.  
In the past the Sana river was of great importance for Prijedor because of its navigability which brought opportunities for trading. In the 19th century, Prijedor’s merchant fleet had more than 70 boats, each with 20-ton capacity
Many kinds of fish, such as trout and huchen can be found in the upper course of the Sana river. In the middle and lower course of the river carp, sheatfish, perch and rudd can be found. 
The Gomjenica river, a right tributary of the Sana river, in its lower course flows trough Prijedor. It has fan-shaped basin, what makes a higher concentration of water.   
The Puharska river has a torrential character and it never dries up. In the lower course it has been regulated and channeled into an open sewer.  
In the area of Prijedor municipality there are 4 lakes:

    • Sanicani, an artificial lake – fishpond. The Sanicani fishpond was established in 1903, and in addition to its main activity of fish production, it runs a commercial hunting area of 40 km². Small game, wild ducks, pheasants and other birds are hunted here;
    • Ljubija, an artificial lake is located 15 km south west of Prijedor;
    • Tomasica, is located 20 km south of Prijedor;
    • Gradina, is located 25 km south east of Prijedor.


Prijedor municipality has a huge number of accommodation facilities at its disposal, starting with hotels, motels and apartments. Accommodation facilities are separated into different categories and they can satisfy different demands of domestic and foreign tourists. Some of the accommodation facilities are located in the centre of the town, while others are located in the periphery of the municipality.  

There are also restaurants with domestic and international cuisine for everyone who wants to enjoy culinary specialities of this area within the accommodation facilities. For everyone who wants to enjoy the night life in Prijedor there are a great number of cafés and clubs that can satisfy needs both of its inhabitants and visitors.



Izvor: www.visitprijedor.com

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