THE GLOW OF THE SMALLEST EUROPEAN CAPITAL
What gives deeper meaning and importance to the Montenegrin beauties? Where does a different story about this country begin? The story about its history, culture, ideals, wanderings and achievements? Cetinje, Historic Royal Capital of Montenegro is a picturesque testimony to the past times, the foundation of Montenegrin identity and spirituality. Visit the buildings of European embassies and find out more about historical and political circumstances. King Nikola’s Palace is an opportunity to peek into the premises where one of the most significant Montenegrin dynasties lived and to take a closer look at the place where the only Montenegrin king stayed. Cetinje Monastery stores some of the most important relics, while you can see the famous icon of the Virgin Filermosa in the Blue Chapel of the National Museum of Montenegro. Under the snow, Cetinje will look like the scenery of a good and old movie, but in the spring, the smell of century-old lindens will be your everlasting memory of this city. Cetinje is perhaps the smallest European capital, but it is the city of the large history and charm, which will certainly attract you.
DID YOU KNOW…
The first tennis club in Cetinje was founded next to the Italian Embassy in 1906, and the town had several tennis courts at the beginning of the 20th century.
DID YOU KNOW…
First telephones on the Balkans instalirani su na Cetinju 1900. godine, were installed in Cetinje in 1900, while the telephone service for the public transportion between Cetinje and important places in Montenegro was introduced in 1907.
DID YOU KNOW…
Golf club in Cetinje was founded in July 1906, and it was sponsored by Princess Milica, the wife of Crown Prince Danilo, the eldest son of King Nikola.
DID YOU KNOW…
The first Cetinje travel guide was published in 1901 in Paris in French.
DID YOU KNOW…
Cetinje is the rainiest town in Europe with the average rainfall of 3400 mm annually.
KING NIKOLA’S PALACE
HOME OF THE MONTENEGRIN ROYAL FAMILY
At the residence of the last Montenegrin ruler, king Nikola I Petrović Njegoš a museum was founded in 1926 and its permanent exhibit provides to the visitors an insight into the life, habits and lifestyle of the Montenegrin Royal family.
The tour through the Palace, which counts 19 rooms consists of variety of collections, with special emphasis on the arms and weapons, medals, flags, plaques, emblems, photographs, as well as archaeological, numismatic, artistic, ethnographic and art pieces.
The large royal inventory includes dishes and textiles, clothing and personal items of the royal family members, traditional costumes and others. Palace’s rich library is dominated by an incunabula from the Crnojević printing house: Oktoih Osmoglasnik printed in Cetinje in 1493, the first printed book among the South Slavs. Art collection includes paintings, prints, drawings and watercolors, as well as icons and sculptures by famous European and regional artists.
A tour in the museum is a unique opportunity to get familiar with the rooms that hosted some of the most significant events of the Montenegrin history. Authentic artifacts will bring closer the habits and a lifestyle of the Royal Family of Montenegro.
FOREIGN EMBASSIES IN CETINJE
After the international recognition of its sovereignty at the Congress of Berlin in 1878, many countries established formal diplomatic relations with Montenegro. Italy, Hungary, Turkey, Serbia, Belgium, Bulgaria, England, Russia, France, Germany and the United States opened their representative offices… Fascinating buildings of architectural styles from the end of the 19th century started to appear in Cetinje. Classicism dominated mostly, Romanism and secessions less.
With the arrival of foreign embassies, Cetinje started to accept habits and lifestyles of great European centres of that time. “The smallest capital” and its charm and beauty were being increasingly talked about. In a way, that period may be also observed as the heyday of Cetinje, after times of hard wars, fight for freedom and preservation of the identity.
Today, buildings of foreign embassies in Cetinje are much more than beautiful constructions. Their purpose is different today, and their historical significance for this town and country is immense.
PLAVI DVORAC (BLUE PALACE)
Today’s residence of the President of Montenegro was built back in 1895 as a residential building of the Montenegrin Crown Price Danilo, who used it until 1916.
ĐUKANOVIĆ FAMILY HOME
One of the most beautiful and the most alluring architectural buildings in Cetinje is the DjukanoviĆ house, better known as “The Four Seasons”, located in Njegoševa Street. The name originated from the four sculptures of girls made of white concrete, representing four seasons. The house belonged to the engineer Marko Djukanović, and some data show that the impressive statues were imported from Italy, at the same time as the sculptures for the Government House.
This building located in Njegoševa Street has changed its purpose several times. It was built in the spirit of eclecticism with the elements of classicism, and the attractive row of pillars particularly stands out in its architectural solution. The Ministry of Culture of Montenegro is located there today, but before that it was the residence of the President of Montenegro for a certain period of time.
PRINCE DANILO HOSPITAL
The first hospital, which is at the same time the oldest medical institution in Montenegro, was built in 1873. The funds for the construction were raised by cashing gifts received on the occasion of Crown Prince Danilo baptizing. The newly built hospital was named Danilo I, after the first Montenegrin secular ruler.
During World War I, the Austro-Hungarian army seated its military command in the southern part of the yard of Biljarda and made a relief of Montenegro for the needs of their army. It was made of plaster, with the scale of 1:10000, and it was characterized by exceptional precision, which was strived for by a group of Austro-Hungarian military experts, some of whom was the Montenegrin sculptor Marko Brezanin, who was a war prisoner at that time.
HOME OF THE MONTENEGRIN SPIRITUALITY
One of the most representative images of Cetinje is the monastery. Its treasury stores some of the most significant Christian relics such as the life of St. Peter of Cetinje, a hand of John the Baptist and particles of the Holy Cross. The monastery is located in the place where the Palace of Ivan Crnojevic used to be, at the foot of Orlov Krs. It was elected by Bishop Danilo, and the significant part of architectural heritage of Crnojević Monastery was kept in its construction.
MUSEUMS IN CETINJE
TREASURIES OF THE MONTENEGRIN CULTURAL TREASURE AND HISTORICAL HERITAGE
Museums in Cetinje represent a unique opportunity to learn about different periods of the rich Montenegrin culture, as well as all those that represent the most significant achievements of the national cultures during the past centuries. The settings you visit as well as the opportunity to step into the premises where Montenegrin rulers were born and where they lived, may provide more complete and different view on this country and the influences which have formed it as it is today.
You must not miss the chance to see the Palace of King Nikola, the only Montenegrin King, to see the private rooms of the dynasty Petrović, an extremely valuable collection of the Ethnographic Museum, the famous blue chapel with the icon Virgin Filermosa. The inevitable station is Memorial Museum “Biljarda”, dedicated to the great Montenegrin spiritual and secular ruler, the writer and philosopher – Petar II Petrović Njegoš. When it comes to the lovers of the modern art, you can visit Montenegrin Art Gallery “Miodrag Dado Đurić”, located in the most modern gallery room in the entire country, and a lot of it, which is hiding behind the doors of numerous museums in Cetinje…