Rottweiler-Standard

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FCI-Standard N° 147/ 19. 06. 2000 / GB

ROTTWEILER

FCI-St N° 147/19. 06. 2000
2
TRANSLATION
: Mrs. Chris Seidler.
ORIGIN
: Germany.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID
STANDARD
: 06.04.2000.
UTILIZATION
: Companion,
service
and working dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I.
: Group 2
Pinscher and Schnauzer type, Molossian type, Swiss Mountain- and Cattle Dogs.
Section 2.1 Molossian type, Mastiff type.
With working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
: The Rottweiler is considered to be one of the oldest dog breeds. Its origin goes back to Roman
times. These dogs were kept as herder or driving dogs. They marched over the Alps with
the Roman legions, protecting the humans and driving their cattle. In the region
of Rottweil, these dogs met and mixed with the native dogs in a natural crossing.
The main task of the Rottweiler now became the driving and guarding of
the herds of cattle and the defence of their masters and their property. This breed
acquired its name from the old free city of Rottweil and was known as
the « Rottweil butcher’s dog’ ». The butchers bred this type of dog
purely for performance and usefulness. In due course, a first rate
watch and driving dog evolved which could also be used as a draught
dog. When, at the beginning of the twentieth century, various breeds
were needed for police service, the Rottweiler was amongst those
tested. It soon became evident that the breed was highly suitable for
the tasks set by police service and therefore theywere officially
recognized as police dogs in 1910.
 
Rottweiler breeders aim at a dog of abundant strength, black coated
with clearly defined rich tan markings, whose powerful appearance
does not lack nobility and which is exceptionally well suited to being
a companion, service and working dog.
GENERAL APPEARANCE
: The Rottweiler is a medium to large
size, stalwart dog, neither heavy nor light and neither leggy nor
weedy. His correctly proportioned, compact and powerful build leads
to the conclusion of great strength, agility and endurance.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS
: The length of the body, measuredfrom the point of the sternum (breast-bone) to the
ischiatic tuberosity, should not exceed the height at the withers by, at
most, 15 %.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT
: Good-natured, placid in basicdisposition and fond of children, very devoted,
obedient, biddable and eager to work. His appearance is natural and rustic, his behaviour
self-assured, steady and fearless. He reacts to his surroundings with
great alertness.
HEAD
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Of medium length, broad between the ears.
Forehead line moderately arched as seen from the side. Occipital
bone well developed without being conspicuous.
Stop : Well defined.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Well developed, more broad than round with relatively large
nostrils, always black.
Muzzle : The foreface should appear neither elongated nor shortened
in relation to the cranial region. Straight nasal bridge, broad at base,
moderately tapered.
 Lips : Black, close fitting, corner of the mouth not visible, gum as
dark as possible.
Jaws/Teeth : Upper and lower jaw strong and broad. Strong, complete
dentition (42 teeth) with scissor bite, the upper incisors closely
overlapping the lower incisors.
Cheeks : Zygomatic arches pronounced.
Eyes : Of medium size, almond-shaped, dark brown in
colour.
Eyelids close fitting.
Ears : Medium-sized, pendant, triangular, wide apart, set on high.
With the ears laid forward close to the head, the skull appears o be
broadened.
NECK
: Strong, of fair length, well muscled, slightly arched, clean,
free from throatiness, without dewlap.
BODY
:
Back : Straight, strong, firm.
Loins : Short, strong and deep.
Croup : Broad, of medium length, slightly rounded.
Neither flat nor falling away.
Chest : Roomy, broad and deep (approximately 50 % of the shoulder
height) with well developed forechest and well sprung ribs.
Belly : Flanks not tucked up.
TAIL : In natural condition, level in extension of the upper line;
at ease may be hanging.
LIMBS
FOREQUARTERS : Seen from the front, the front legsare straight
and not placed too closely to each other. The forearm, seen from the
side, stands straight and vertical. The slope of the shoulder blade is
about 45 degrees to the horizontal.
Shoulders : Well laid back.
Upper arm : Close fitting to the body.
Forearm : Strongly developed and muscular.
 Pasterns : Slightly springy, strong, not steep.
Front feet : Round, tight and well arched; pads hard; nails short, black
and strong.
HINDQUARTERS : Seen from behind, legs straight and not too close
together. When standing free, obtuse angles are formed between the
dog’s upper thigh and the hip bone, the upper thigh and the lower
thigh, and the lower thigh and metatarsal.
Upper thigh : Moderately long, broad and strongly m
uscled.
Lower thigh : Long, strongly and broadly muscled, s
inewy.
Hocks : Sturdy, well angulated hocks; not steep.
Hindfeet : Slightly longer than the front feet. To
es strong, arched, as
tight as front feet.
GAIT
: The Rottweiler is a trotting dog. In movement the back
remains firm and relatively stable. Movement harmonious, steady,
full of energy and unrestricted, with good stride.
SKIN
: Skin on the head : overall tight fitting. When the dog is alert,
the forehead may be slightly wrinkled.
COAT
HAIR : The coat consists of a top coat and an undercoat. The top coat
is of medium length, coarse, dense and flat. The undercoat must not
show through the top coat. The hair is a little longer on the hindlegs.
COLOUR : Black with clearly defined markings of a rich tan on the
cheeks, muzzle, throat, chest and legs, as well as over both eyes and
under the base of the tail.
SIZE AND WEIGHT
:
Height at withers : For males is 61 – 68 cm.
61 – 62 cm is small
63 – 64 cm medium height.
65 – 66 cm is large – correct height
67 – 68 cm very large.
Weight : 50 kg.
 Height at withers : For bitches is 56 – 63 cm.
56 – 57 cm is small
58 –
59
cm medium height.
60 – 61 cm is large – correct height
62 – 63 cm very large.
Weight : Approximately 42 kg.
FAULTS
: Any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be
regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon
the health and welfare of the dog.
General appearance : Light, weedy, leggy appearance. Light in
bone and muscle.
Head : Hound-type head. Narrow, light, too short,long or coarse
head. Flat forehead (lack of stop or too little stop).
Foreface : Long or pointed muzzle; split nose; Roman nose
(convex nasal bridge) or dish-faced (concave nasal bridge);
acquiline nose; pale or spotted nose (butterfly nose).
Lips : Pendulous, pink or patchy; corner of lips visible.
Jaws : Narrow lower jaw.
Bite : Pincer bite.
Cheeks : Strongly protruding.
Eyes : Light, deep set. Also too full and round eyes; loose eyelids.
Ears : Set on too low, heavy, long, slack or turnedbackwards.
Also flying ears or ears not carried symmetricaly.
Neck : Too long, thin, lacking muscle. Showing dewlap or throaty.
Body : Too long, too short or too narrow.
Back : Too long, weak; sway back or roach back.
Croup : Too sloping, too short, too flat or too long.
Chest : Flat-ribbed or barrel-shaped. Too narrow behind.
Tail : Set on too high or too low.
Forequarters : Narrow or crooked front legs. Steepbshoulder
placement. Loose or out at elbow. Too long, too short or too
straight in upper arm. Weak or steep pastern. Splayed feet. Too
flat or too arched toes. Deformed toes. Light coloured nails.
Hindquarters : Flat thighs, hocks too close, cow hocks or barrel
hocks. Joints with too little or too much angulation. Dewclaws.
 
Skin : Wrinkles on head.
Coat : Soft, too short or long. Wavy coat; lack of undercoat.
Colour : Markings of incorrect colour, not clearly defined.
Markings which are too spread out.
ELIMINATING FAULTS
:
Behaviour : Anxious, shy, cowardly, gun-shy, vicious, excessively
suspicious, nervous animals.
General : Distinct reversal of sexual type, i.e. feminine dogs or
masculine bitches.
Teeth : Overshot or undershot bite, wry mouth; lack of one
incisive tooth, one canine, one premolar or one molar.
Eyes : Entropion, ectropion, yellow eyes, different coloured eyes.
Tail : Kink tail, ring-tail, with strong lateral deviation.
Hair : Definitely long or wavy coat.
Colour : Dogs which do not show the typical Rottweiler
colouring of black with tan markings. White markings.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B.
: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.
Source: www.fci.be/en/

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