FCI-Standard N° 343

ITALIAN CANE CORSO

 

ORIGIN: Italy.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID
STANDARD: 13.11.2015.
UTILIZATION: Utility dog, polyvalent.
FCI-CLASSIFICATION : Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer,
Molossoid and Swiss
Mountain and Cattledogs.
Section 2.1 Molossian, Mastiff type.
With working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: Its direct ancestor is the old
Roman Molossian. Formerly scattered all over Italy, in the recent
past, the breed was only prevalent in the province of Apulia and in
the adjacent regions of Southern Italy. His name derives from the
Latin “cohors”, which means “protector, guardian of the farmyard”.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Medium to large sized. Robust and
sturdy dog, nevertheless with some elegance. Lean and powerful
muscles.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The dog is rectangular in outline
and is slightly longer than tall. (The length of the dog is 11% greater
than the height of the dog). The length of the head reaches 36 % of
the height at the withers.
BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT: Guardian of property, family
and livestock; extremely agile and responsive. In the past, it has been
used for herding cattle and hunting big game.
HEAD: Large and typically molossoid. The upper longitudinal axes
of the skull and the muzzle are slightly convergent, without evident
wrinkles.
CRANIAL REGION:
Skull: Broad at the zygomatic arches the width is equal to the length.
Convex in front, it becomes flat behind the forehead as far as the
occiput. The medio-frontal furrow is visible, beginning at the stop
and ending at about the middle of the skull.
Stop: Well defined, with prominent frontal sinuses.
FACIAL REGION:
Nose: Black. A grey mask may have a nose colour of the same
nuance. Large nose with ample open nostrils. Nose placed on the
same line as the nasal bridge.
Muzzle: Strong, square, noticeably shorter than the skull, ratio
muzzle : skull approximately 1 : 2. The front part of the muzzle is
flat; the lateral surfaces are parallel; the muzzle is as broad as it is
long. Seen from the side it is deep. The profile of the nasal bridge is
straight.
Lips: The upper lips; seen from the front, form an inverted ”U” at
their meeting point; seen from the side hangs moderately. They cover
the lower jaw and determine the profile of the lower part of the
muzzle.
Jaws/Teeth: Jaws are very large thick and curved. Slightly undershot
but no more than 5 mm. Level bite tolerable but not sought after.
Cheeks: The masseter region is fully evident, but not bulging.
Eyes: Medium-sized, slightly protruding, but never exaggerated.
Close to ovoid in shape, set well apart in an almost sub-frontal
position. Eyelids close fitting. The colour of the iris is as dark as
possible but according to the coat colour. Expression is keen and
attentive.
Ears: Triangular, drooping, of medium size. With a wide set-on that
is much above the zygomatic arches. Ears are un-cropped.
NECK: Strong, muscular, as long as the head.
BODY: The body is somewhat longer than the height at the withers.
Sturdy built but not square.
Withers: Pronounced, rising above the level of the croup.
Back: Straight, very muscular and firm.
Loin: Short and strong.
Croup: Long and wide, slightly inclined.
Chest: Well developed all through reaches to the elbow.
TAIL: Natural. Set on fairly high; very broad at the root. In action
carried high, but never erect or curled.
LIMBS
FOREQUARTERS:
Shoulder: Long, oblique, very muscular.
Upper arm: Strong.
Forearm: Straight, very strong.
Carpus (Wrist): Elastic.
Metacarpus (pastern): Elastic and just slightly sloping.
Forefeet: Cat feet.
HINDQUARTERS:
Thigh: Long, broad, back line of thigh convex.
Lower thigh: Strong, not fleshy.
Stifle (Knee): Solid, moderately angulated.
Hock joint: Moderately angulated.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Thick and dry.
Hind feet: Slightly less compact than the forefeet.
GAIT/MOVEMENT: Long stride, extended trot; the preferred gait
is the trot.
SKIN: Fairly thick, rather close fitting.
COAT
Hair: Short, shiny, very dense with a slight undercoat of vitreous
texture.
Colour: Black, lead-grey, slate-grey, light grey, light fawn; dark
fawn and stag red; dark wheat colour (stripes on different shades of
fawn or grey); in fawn coloured and brindle dogs the black or grey
mask on the muzzle should not go beyond the line of the eyes. A
small white patch on the chest, on the tip of the toes and on the
bridge of the nose is acceptable.
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height at the withers: Males: 64 cm – 68 cm.
Females: 60 cm – 64 cm.
With a tolerance of 2 cm, more or less taller.

Weight: Males: 45 – 50 kg.
Females: 40 – 45 kg.
Weight according to the size of dog.
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be
regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect
upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its
traditional work.
SEVERE FAULTS:
• Axes of muzzle and skull parallel or very marked converging;
lateral surfaces of the muzzle converging.
• Partial depigmentation of the nose.
• Scissor bite; undershot bite more than 5 mm.
• Ringed tail, tail in vertical position.
• Permanent amble when trotting.
• Over-or under size.
• Presence of dewclaws.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:
• Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities
shall be disqualified.
• Axes of muzzle and skull diverging.
• Total depigmentation of the nose.
• Bridge of nose concave or convex (Roman nose).
• Overshot mouth.
• Partial or complete palpebral depigmentation. Wall eye (blue
flecked); strabism (squinted).
• Tailless, too short tail.
• Semi-long, smooth or fringed hair.
• All colours not indicated in the standard; large white patches.
N.B.:
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical
conformation, should be used for breeding.

Source: www.fci.be/en/

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