FCI-Standard N° 332
PATRONAGE : Slovakian Republic.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID
STANDARD : 03.09.1999.
UTILIZATION : Working Dog.
FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle
Section 1 Sheepdogs.
With working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : In the year 1955 a biological
experiment took place in the CSSR of that time, namely, the crossing
of a German Shepherd Dog with a Carpathian wolf. The experiment
established that the progeny of the mating of male dog to female
wolf as well as that of male wolf to female dog, could be reared. The
vast majority of the products of these matings possessed the genetic
requirements for continuation of breeding. In the year 1965, after the
ending of the experiment, a plan for the breeding of this new breed
was worked out. This was to combine the usable qualities of the
wolf with the favourable qualities of the dog. In the year 1982, the
Ceskoslovenský Vlciak, through the general committee of the
breeders’ associations of the CSSR of that time, was recognized as a
GENERAL APPEARANCE : Firm type in constitution. Above
average size with rectangular frame. In body shape, movement, coat
texture, colour of coat and mask, similar to the wolf.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
– Length of body : Height at withers = 10 : 9.
– Length of muzzle : Length of cranial region = 1 : 1.5.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Lively, very active, capable
of endurance, docile with quick reactions. Fearless and courageous.
Suspicious. Shows tremendous loyalty towards his master.
Resistant to weather conditions. Versatile in his uses.
HEAD : Symmetrical, well muscled. Seen from the side and from
above, it forms a blunt wedge. Sex should be unmistakable.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Seen from the side and from the front, the forehead is slightly
arched. No marked frontal furrow. Occipital bone clearly visible.
Stop : Moderate.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Oval shape, black.
Muzzle : Clean, not broad; straight bridge of nose.
Lips : Tight fitting. No gap at corner of mouth. Rims of lips are
Jaws/Teeth : Jaws strong and symmetrical. Well developed teeth,
specially the canines. Scissor or pincer bite with 42 teeth according
to the usual tooth set. Regular teeth set.
Cheeks : Clean, sufficiently muscled, not markedly protruding.
Eyes : Small, slanting, amber coloured. Well fitting lids.
Ears : Pricked, thin, triangular, short (i.e. not longer than 1/6th of the
height at withers); the lateral point of the set on of the ears and the
outer corner of the eyes are in a direct line. A vertical line from tip
of ear would run close along the head.
NECK : Dry, well muscled. In repose forms an angle of up to 40
degrees to the horizontal. The neck must be sufficiently long for the
nose to touch the ground effortlessly.
Topline : Flowing transition from neck to body. Sloping away
Withers : Well muscled, pronounced. Though pronounced, they
must not interrupt the flow of the topline.
Back : Firm and straight.
Loins : Short, well muscled, not broad, sloping slightly.
Croup : Short, well muscled, not broad, falling away slightly.
Chest : Symmetrical, well muscled, roomy, pear-shaped and
narrowing towards the sternum. The depth of chest does not reach to
the elbows. The point of the sternum does not extend beyond the
Underline and belly : Taut bellly, tucked up. Slightly hollow in
TAIL : Set on high, hanging straight down. When dog is excited,
generally raised in sickle shape.
General appearance: The front legs are straight, strong, clean and
close together with slightly turned out feet.
Shoulder : The shoulder blade is placed rather far forward, well
muscled. It forms an angle of nearly 65 degrees to the horizontal.
Upper arm : Strongly muscled, forms an angle of 120 to 130 degrees
to the shoulder blade.
Elbow : Close fitting, turned neither in nor out, well defined,
flexible. Upper arm and forearm form an angle of approximately
Forearm : Long, clean and straight. The length of the forearm and
pastern is 55% of height at withers.
Pastern joint : Solid, flexible.
Pastern : Long, forms an angle of at least 75 degrees to the ground.
Lightly springy in movement.
Forefeet : Large, turned slightly outwards. Longish arched toes and
strong, dark nails. Well defined, elastic, dark pads.
General appearance: Powerful. The hind legs stand parallel. An
imaginary vertical line drawn from the point of the ischium, would
run midway through the hock joint. The dewclaws are undesirable
and must be eliminated.
Upper thigh : Long, well muscled. Forms an angle of 80 degrees to
the pelvis. The hip joint is sturdy and flexible.
Stifle (Knee): Strong and flexible.
Lower thigh : Long, clean, well muscled. Forms an angle of about
130 degrees with the hock.
Hock joint : Clean, solid, flexible.
Hock : Long, clean. Position almost vertical to the ground.
Hind feet : Longish, arched toes with strong dark nails.
GAIT / MOVEMENT : Harmonious, light-footed, ground covering
trot in which the limbs skim over the ground as closely as possible.
Head and neck incline to the horizontal. Pacing when walking.
SKIN : Elastic, tight, without wrinkles, unpigmented.
Hair : Straight and close. Winter and summer coat differ greatly. In
winter an immense undercoat is predominant and, together with the
topcoat, forms a thick coat all over the body. It is necessary for the
hair to cover the belly, the inside of the upper thigh, the scrotum, the
inner part of the ear and the area between the toes. Well coated neck.
Colour : Yellowish-gray to silver-gray with a charateristic light
mask. Light hair also on the underside of the neck and the forechest.
Dark gray colour with light mask is permissible.
SIZE AND WEIGHT :
Height at withers : Dogs at least 65 cm,
Bitches at least 60 cm.
Weight : Dogs at least 26 kg,
Bitches at least 20 kg.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be
regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect
upon the health and welfare of the dog.
• Heavy or light head.
• Flat forehead.
• The absence of two PM1 (premolar 1) or of both M3 (molar 3) is
not to be penalized. However, the absence of one M3 in addition
to 2 PM1 or the absence of one PM1 in addition to both M3 is to
be considered as a fault.
• Dark brown, black or different coloured eyes.
• Coarse ear. High or low set-on of ear.
• Neck carried high in repose; low position of neck when standing.
• Unpronounced withers.
• Untypical topline.
• Long croup.
• Tail long, set on low and not carried correctly.
• Too little or too much angulation in forequarters.
• Weak pastern.
• Too little or too much angulation in hindquarters. Insufficient
• Barely pronounced mask.
• Short, wavy movement.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS :
• Aggresive or overly shy.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities
shall be disqualified.
• Discrepancy in proportions.
• Faults in deportment and temperament.
• Untypical head.
• Missing teeth (except 2 PM1 and the M 3, see § faults), irregular
• Untypical shape and position of eyes.
• Untypical set-on and shape of ears.
• Strong slope in croup.
• Untypical ribcage.
• Tail untypical in set on and carriage.
• Faulty and untypical position of front legs.
• Stand-off and untypical coat.
• Colours other than those in the standard.
• Slack ligaments.
• Untypical movement.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical
conformation, should be used for breeding.
1,202 total views